<p style=”text-align: justify;”>The strife in Baluchistan is a guerrilla war carried on by Baloch nationalists against the governments of Iran and Pakistan in the Baluchistan region, which covers Baluchistan in south-west of Sistan, Pakistan and Baluchistan province in southeastern Iran, and the Baluchistan of southern Afghanistan. Since Baluchistan translates to ‘the land of the Baloch’, and is rich in natural resources like natural gas, oil, coal, copper, sulfur, fluoride and gold. This is the largest but the least developed province in Pakistan.
Indian Prime minister, Narendra Modi’s Independence day speech has stirred up the matters in Baluchistan. Hence his speech talked about issues of PoK and Gilgit and claimed human rights violations by the Pakistani forces in the Baluchistan province. Before this, no Indian Prime Minister had spoken on the issues related to PoK Kashmir/Gilgit and Baluchistan during the Independence Day Speech. This has brought Baluchistan war in the limelight. To explore a few facts about the province, keep on reading.
- The historical Baluchistan is divided into three modern nation’s viz., Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- Historically this area ruled by Hindu – Buddhist kingdoms, the Muslims and lastly by the British and the Khanate of Kallat.
Balochistan Conflict Facts
- India and Pakistan were granted independence on midnight of 14-15 August 1947. So on 15th August 1947 three domains became independent India, Pakistan and Kallat.
- Pakistan signed STANDSTILL agreement with Khanate of Kallat recognizing its Sovereignty.
- After invasion of J & K Pakistan started putting pressure on Khan of Kallat to sign accession with Pakistan.
- The newly formed constituent assembly in Kallat interrupted that Khan has no right to sign accession. But the constituent assembly will decide and it refused to sign accession to Pakistan.
- Around Jan-Feb 1948 Pakistan forced Las Bella and Kharan to sign accession to Pakistan.
- Khan of Kallat as representative of the Constituent assembly interacted with Pakistan regularly and even went to Karachi to meet Jinnah and remind him to not to take any action for the spirit of Standstill agreement.
- Around 20th March 1948 an interview of V P Menon broadcast on AIR Delhi. Hence where he suggested that Khanate has sent feelers to India on accession on which GOI was seriously thinking.
- This interview freaked Jinnah and Pakistani establishment so much that Jinnah ordered military to intervene and forcefully get the Accession signed from the Khan of Kallat.
- Around 11th April 1948 the Khanate of Kallat forcefully merged into Pakistan.
- Around the same time the younger brother of Khan revolted and fled to Afghanistan with his supporters. And launched armed struggle against the illegal occupation by Pakistan.
- This armed struggle has been waxing and waning since 1948 to this day.
- The camel is the provincial animal of Baluchistan.
- Since the climate of Baluchistan is very extreme. Hence the highest temperature recorded was 53 degrees in Sibi in 2010.