<p style=”text-align: justify;”>Indus Water written agreement was signed in Karachi, Pakistan in 1960 as an agreement between then Prime Ministers Nehru of India and Ayub Khan of Pakistan. It has return to light once more following the cross-border attacks. As india seeks to come back the written agreement and review its dos and don’ts that appear to be lopsided against India.
Few unknown Facts about the Treaty(written agreement)
- The agreement set out terms on however the waters of the six rivers within the Indus basin are to be shared between the 2 countries. Indus, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas originate within the Indian Himalayas and Tibet (Indus and Sutlej) regions. And flow out to the Arabian Sea through Pakistan.
- After the partition, Pakistan‘s insecurities regarding India’s use of the rivers fuelled concern that India might on purpose stop the rivers from flowing into Pakistan. Particularly throughout war. In an attempt to cut back tensions between the 2 countries that were already on the verge of a war over Kashmir.
- The world Bank initiated the written agreement. It’s declared together of the foremost successful water treaties within the world.
- According to the written agreement, India gets to use Beas,Sutlej and Ravi rivers that flow through Punjab, to use without any restriction.
- Indus, Chenab and Jhelum, that go through Jammu & Kashmir, and reportedly accounts for nearly 80th of the entire volume of the river system, given to Pakistan.
- India, however, is allowed to place up storage facilities on the Western rivers, up to a limit of 3.6 million acre feet.
- It started to facilitate the treaty. Besides partitioning conflicts related to water and providing consultation. The commission additionally eases the flow of data exchanged between Pakistan and India.
Despite tensions between the 2 countries
- Despite tensions between the 2 countries, the commission meets frequently to debate potential conflicts (there haven’t been any major ones until date).
- India highlighted the problem some days when the Uri attack on 18th September talking to the media on Sept 22. External Affairs Ministry representative Vikas Swarup said that any cooperative arrangement needed goodwill and mutual trust on each side.
- The central government are revisiting the written agreement, and J&K has same that it’ll accept as true with its choices.
- Deputy Secretary-General of UN, jan Eliasson, said that the written agreement was a lot of a tool of peace and determination than a source of conflict.
- However, J&K has reportedly been inquiring for a review of the agreement. Since it cannot use the water because of restrictive conditions of the written agreement.
- Pakistan, that depends heavily on the rivers for its water necessities, claims to not receive “enough water”.
- Experts opine that India’s threat to review the agreement is simply a pressure techniques. There conjointly is not an opportunity of abrogation, or repealing of the agreement, from India’s aspect, for concern of being criticised by world powers.
- Pakistan has usually internationally voiced fears, and in July, wanted arbitration, if India went ahead to set up and build hydro-power projects on Chenab and Jhelum. This again, is simply an assumption and a pressure techniques, according to consultants.
Taking into consideration the present situation on Border between India and Pakistan. What will be the result of Indus Water Treaty cant be said…
What would you like to say about this treaty?