Rural social problem casteism is very peculiar to the Indian society. The Indian society consists of various religions. Each religion has been sub-divided into different castes and these castes are again segregated into sub-castes. The culture of each and every caste varies, although they all belong to one same religion. Amongst these castes, some are a higher status and others a lower status, depending upon the occupation of the caste. So there are many chances for caste conflicts to occur. These conflicts rooted in casteism, which is the hatred of one caste of the other. Briefly, casteism is one-sided loyalty in favor of a particular caste.
This leads to the members of one caste to exploit the members of other caste for their own interest in the name of superiority or inferiority and is loyalty to caste translated into politics. It is a dominating blind group loyalty that ignores the healthy social standards of justice, equality and universal brotherhood. Since it is manifested in the form of clashes between various castes for higher share in the social-economic privileges and power.
Some of the ill-effects of casteism are as follows:
- Casteism proves to be a hindrance in providing social equality and justice.
- It proves to be a threat to social order, stability, peace and harmony, in the society.
- Casteism divides society into different segments and results in conflicts and tensions which hinder the development of the nation and growth of nationalism.
- The Casteism causes segregation in political and affects the smooth and successful functioning of a multi-party democracy such as India.
- Casteism, is also the cause of corruption as members of a caste try to give all facilities to their caste persons and while doing so, they don’t hesitate to involve in the most corrupt activities.
- Many political leaders use casteism as a tool to try to gain votes on communal and caste basis, instead of their own capacities and capabilities. This leads to election of under-serving candidates, who promote their own caste interest at the cost of universal peace. Thus, it proves to be a hindrance to democracy.
- Merit and potency not importance given if appointments to numerous positions each within the public and personal sectors area unit supported caste considerations. This has resulted in hindrance to the technology and industrial potency.
- It has also become an obstacle in gaining social mobility.
Some of the solutions for the problems arising out of casteism are as follows:
- Giving value based instruction to kids from adolescence can tackle the issue of casteism to some degree.
- Different social agencies like family, school, and Mass media must given the duty to build up an appropriate, expansive viewpoint among kids, which will nullify the sentiments of casteism, for instance, creating awareness about the evil impacts of propagating the traditional caste framework.
- By promoting inter caste marriages, the sentiments emerging out of casteism can minimized as these relational unions bring two groups of various positions nearer to each other.
- Arrangement of social and financial correspondence among various areas of the general public decreases the odds of envy and rivalry. In this manner, financial and social correspondence is critical in taking out casteism.
Castes still seldom get hitch with and square measure undoubtedly not changeable. In urban Asian country, though, individuals of all castes meet socially or for business. Discriminating against anyone thanks to their caste for things like club memberships so on is against the law.
We don’t need the colour of skin, race or caste to divide us; we already have many issues that keep us divided. Since we should stop discrimination on any basis.