In south asian hindu traditions,there are four goals of life dharma (moral life), kama(sensuality,emotional fulfillment), artha (means of life), and the last most difficult to get is Moksha.

Moksha means the end of cycle of birth, death and rebirth. Hence this is ultimate point of existence in hinduism. Also Moksha means liberation. Hence means to achieve moksha is Aatma jnana means self realization is key to obtaining it. The Hindu is one who practices karm and bhakti to lord. bhakti sees God as the most worshippable object of love.

Concept of Moksha :-

In Hindu Vedas, there are 3 stages : Studentship, Householdship and Retirement. In Upanishadic age, Religion expanded and included the 4th stage of life i.e Complete Abandonment. The Vedas of religion suggest 3 goals of life : kama, artha and dharma. Furthermore to these upanishadic age era added the concept, which is in 3 forms: Vedic ,Logic, Bhakti. In Vedic period, moksha was established  Moksha  claimed to result from properly completed rituals such as those before Agni – the fire god. Love and contemplation  towards God is Moksha ,which results union of god to human.

There are 9 paths of bhakti:-

Kirtana :- Singing and talking about god and praising the God.

Shravana or Satsang :- Listening or devotional songs of Gods.

Archana :- Anointing god with sandal wood with oil paste.

Smarana :- Remembering to the God.

Pada-sevena :- Serving the God feet.

Dasya :- Putting life to God as a servant.

Sakhya :- behaving God like a Friend.

Aatma nivedana :- Offering oneself unconditionally to God.

Vandana :- Bowing before God.

Tukaram who belong to the kunbi caste born in between 1598 to 1608 in village Dehu near Pune ,Maharashtra ,India. He Known for his Abhanga i.e devotional poetry for god with spiritual songs known as Kirtans for Lord Vithoba an avtar of god Vishnu. Consequently, tukaram walked on this above 9 paths of bhakti. He is also referred to as bhakta Tukaram , Tukaram maharaj tukoba , Tukobaraya.

Tukaram maharaj spent his many years in devoting worship. And community kirtans and composing Abhanga poetry.

Another Varkari Saint Namdev (c.1270-1350) used abhangas in kirtana. Kirtana is form of singing the glory of lord vithoba. Especially relevant, it is usually based on poetry of the seven famous saints of Maharashtra NivruttinathDnyaneshwar, Sopandev, Muktabai, Eknath, Namdev and Tukaram.

Conclusion :-

Today’s generation where everyone is running behind there some goals or materialistic things but Moksha is the stage where person feels satisfaction of life. He reacts same for sad and happy moments in life. for eg. There is no happiness to born the leaf of tress and no sadness the death of leaf tress keeps continue the karmas and acts same in both the situation.

For Abhangas Click here.


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