<p style=”text-align: justify;”>Superstitions means belief in supernatural cause and effect that one incident occurs another without any natural process linking the two events. Superstitions are usually due to lack of education. Since India‘s literacy rate is at 74.04%. Bihar is the least literate state in India, with a literacy rate of 63.82%. Kerala is the most literate state in India, with 93.91% literacy rate. But educated people in India also observed following beliefs of superstitions. Superstitions in India is in large scale. Many regions having their own specific beliefs superstitions. In India, some of these beliefs and practicributed over a large area social problem. The superstition of practices and beliefs are vary from religion to religion and region to regies are centuries old and considered a part of religion, as a result introduction of new prohibitory laws often face opposition.
Superstitions in India:
Sati is a act of burning alive or burial of a widow along with her deceased husband. A women forced to be sati if she is not agree to be sati on her husband death. A person named Ram Mohan Roy began campaigning for abolition of the practice in 1811 after he watched the sati of own sister in law. In british India practice of sati abolished in 1829 by Governor General William Bentinck but although it was illegal in India for almost two centuries, some incidents been recorded in recent years. India also passed a bill to abolish sati in 1987 i.e Commission (Prevention) of Sati Act 1987.
Solar and lunar eclipses :
In India it is believed that sun rays become toxic during solar and lunar eclipses. There are many superstitions in India associated with solar and lunar eclipses. In solar and lunar eclipses, People don’ cook, if any cooked food considered to have become impure and thrown away or given to beggars. Pregnant women are advised to stay indoors and Temples are also closed during eclipses it is believe that asuras are worshipped during eclipsis.
Human sacrifice :
Human Sacrifice is prevalent in India but in rare incidents occur especially in rural areas. Since Its believed that sacrifices vary from inducing rainfall to helping childless women conceive. In some parts of India Humans replaced by animals, But after animal rights groups some places they have replaced by sculpture or model of a person. Between 1999 and 2006 almost about 250 cases of child sacrifices reported from Uttar Pradesh only. And some cases unreported.
Witchcraft is illegal in India. But there is belief in witches is common in some parts of India. Witch hunts have known to happened in India. Since its believed that Witches are capable of killing cattle and humans, destroying crops and causing illness. Since in some parts of Jharkhand, its believed that if the name of a witch written on a branch of Sal tree the branch would become dry and shrivelled away.
Vastu Shastras is Hindu traditional art of architecture of construction. Shastra are the textual part of Vastu Vidya, the latter being the broader knowledge about architecture and design theories from ancient India. Since Vastu vidya is a collection of ideas with or without support of layout diagrams. the latter being the broader knowledge about architecture and design theories from ancient India.
A people like Narendra Dabholkar considered Vastu Shastra a superstition. Narendra Dabholkar is rationalist and anti-superstition activist, founder of the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti. And he also built his house opposite to vastu shastra. Hence After his death Anti-Jaadu Tona Bill (Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance) has been passed by Maharashtra government.
Locally faith healers known or referred as swami, baba, guru, bapu or bhagat. This many baba claims to have psychic powers or magic and perform miracles. But on other hand, some only provide spiritual advice.Many of them worshipped by their followers as gods and are popular too. Many people in India believe in gurus and baba and they are part of life.
Superstitions in other countries:
If you believe that superstitions exist in India only then you are wrong. Superstition is not only in India, they are all over the world.Every Country and every culture and religion has own share of beliefs and Superstitions.Some of people believe in superstitions and follow but some others do not believe them, and just ignore them. A country named Japan kicked off the useless rites and rituals and became a powerful nation. Since Recently, Russia and Africa dropped many religious customs and faith in sorcery and black magic and became progressive. They indicate that we should develop a scientific temper in our society. These are the lessons to us. we should discard all superstitious ideas doled out to us in the name of tradition.
About Kala jadu/Black Magic.Click here.
Know more about Sanathan Sanstha Click here.